09 Apr What is mobile development and how it help businesses
Mobile Development is about developing applications for phones, tablets, smartwatches, and all other portable wearable devices that have a mobile operating system. But that doesn’t mean the development of solely mobile applications as in today’s increasingly mobile world, web developers must think about making their apps accessible on mobile.
Mobile Applications can even be developed just for mobile devices, but wholly built on a web application. This could potentially become a trend in the future as browsers become more dominant as an operating system, and mobile devices become more powerful.
Why is it Special?
Mobile Development can allow a one-person development team to build a functional and meaningful app, end-to-end in a short period, this means it is entirely possible to become a mobile application developer, both working for someone, and independently.
Mobile Development is potentially the future of development as well as mobile devices become larger and larger parts of our lives. They can be designed to be interactive, which will be engaging for users.
Major Mobile Development Platforms
There are two leading contenders in today’s market, iOS, and Android. Android, backed by Google, is open. Meanwhile, iOS developed by Apple is not.
iOS runs exclusively on Apple products, which include its iPhones, iPads, Apple Watches, etc.
Apple has provided iOS developers with several native tools and libraries to develop iOS applications. While you don’t need to use these development tools, you will need to have a Mac running OS X to build your app.
iOS applications are usually constructed using Objective-C or Swift.
Android is technically the mobile OS with the most dominant shares in the market. However, Android is a fragmented market and consists of many different devices made by different manufacturers with different versions of Android systems.
Anyone can build an Android device, and it is designed to capable of running on different hardware platforms and accessories with a range of different capabilities.
Google, like Apple, has also released native tools for Android development, but they are not required. The native development platform for Android is Java.
How Mobile Development used to be done
In the beginning, a developer had to learn to use the naïve tools for either platform. But now there are many frameworks, tools, platform, and ecosystems for developing mobile applications.
This means there are many options available for anyone who want to build their mobile applications. The three broad categories for mobile development are Native Development, Cross-Platform Frameworks & Tools, and Mobile Web Apps.
Using the tools that mobile vendors provide is an option for mobile developers.
Developing an application natively has a few advantages. One of which being raw speed as native code tends to be faster than any other solution, debugging will also be more comfortable as developers won’t need to operate with layers of high abstraction.
However, one of the most significant issues with native development is that if developers want to bring their application from one platform to the other, they will have to rewrite their codes from scratch.
Android and iOS have different tools, different languages, different frameworks, different development paradigms, so if a developer wants an iOS and Android version of an application, they must be ready to learn two different platforms.
Cross-Platform Frameworks & Tools
Another option is to choose a framework or tool that allows developers to build cross-platform applications. Depending on what an application needs, there are various solutions to choose from.
Some solutions require prior knowledge and skills in the native libraries and frameworks. Some of these frameworks produce native code, and wrap the real native libraries, such that they are an abstraction over the native languages and tools.
Others will construct a hybrid application that uses some native components, and some HTML components that rely on the built-in mobile browser to create most of the user interface and functionality of the application.
There is an endless array of options. However, there are some things to consider when choosing which platform to use.
- Programming Language. Most cross-platform solutions support one programming language, which means selecting a platform to use, picking one that supports a familiar language might be a good idea.
- Native or Hybrid? Some solutions collate the final code to the native format and hook directly into native libraries and APIs; others have a hybrid approach where applications look like a native application but are not. Native development tends to be faster and fit better with the mobile platform the application is running on, but some solutions are so close to native, that the differences can be hard to spot.
- Platform Support. If there aren’t any specific needs for platforms beyond iOS and Android, there shouldn’t be any problems as most cross-platform tools support these two.
- Code Reuse. Cross-platform solutions that offer native support usually have less code reuse since they are more tightly tied to native frameworks. Ultimately, this all depends on the type of application, and how well the applications need to blend in with other completely native apps.
Mobile Web Apps
Developers can now choose to build web-based and mobile applications. The capabilities of mobile browsers have improved over the years, and the adaptability of web technologies have gotten better.
However, if you do not have the confidence to build your mobile application, or choosing a platform that suits you best, you can email Infinity Core at email@example.com
Or visit Infinity Core at https://infinitycore.sg/